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My Policy Paper Outline
Policy: The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
Thesis: Governments create policies and laws to govern the citizens and businesses and ensure
that vulnerable populations are protected. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
(TANF) is a federal law that financially supports needy individuals and families.
I. Description of the Law
It was established through the Personal responsibility and worked
opportunity reconciliation act of 1996.
The basis of TANF is that employment and marriages will end the need
for public assistance for parents.
II. The Rationale for Public Policy
It was established due to increased poverty among children and families.
The aid to families with dependent children Act (AFDC) was not
III. Analysis of Policy efficacy
Reducing childhood poverty
Changed America’s welfare policy
Allowed states to recognize the benefits of income for children’s long-term
V.The United States Congress enacted the TNAF in 1996
My Policy Paper
My Policy Paper
Governments create policies and laws to govern the citizens and businesses and ensure
that vulnerable populations are protected. Public policy is a course of action that a government
takes to handle and manage several issues. Problems that mandate the government to establish
policies include, but are not limited to, global warming, healthcare, and joblessness. Wetherill et
al. (2017) stated that the government shows public policies through laws, the justice system, and
regulations provided through the bureaucracy. The role of the president, parliament, and
Congress is enacting statutes, whereas the bureaucracy ensures that these laws are implemented
effectively. Wetherill et al. (2017) defined politics as the relationship or link between the citizens
and the government, and it is through these interactions, federal laws and policies are
established. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a federal law that
financially supports needy individuals and families.
Description of the Law
The nature of the issue that this policy paper is that the American welfare is performing
poorly to serve the beneficiaries and provide them with necessary services and help. The United
States system must closely analyze how people receive any welfare program to avoid
disadvantaging those who need these services. An example is that individuals who have been
imprisoned and those coming out of prison require services to re-integrate back into society.
Provision of public assistance is essential to ensure all beneficiaries receive perks to put their
lives back together. The temporary assistance for needy families is a federal law that the
government can effectively help needy families and individuals by supporting them financially.
The United States Congress established the “Temporary assistance for needy families
(TANF) block grant via the Personal responsibility and worked opportunity reconciliation act of
1996″ (Holmes et al., 2020). The policy replaced AFDC that the American government was
using to provide financial aid to families living in poor conditions since 1935. The purpose of
the TANF was to give block grants to the states, which were in turn required to use them to
ensure their programs were operational. However, to ensure that conditions obtain these federal
funds, states were supposed to spend their finances on needy families’ programs, and failure to
do so caused monetary penalties. The state spending condition, also called the “maintenance of
effort” prerequisite, substituted the AFDC policy. According to Falk (2019), because of the
broadness of the TANF goals, states use the funds for different services, such as earnings help,
including wage enhancements for employed-poor families, educations, and job training. Other
states can utilize these funds past the fundamental capacities of offering a welfare net and linking
families to employment. Some states use TANF funds for supplementary services and programs
such as families without a low income. Some of the U.S states’ resources have shifted away from
immediate help are not accessible to help families in need or invest in raising regular welfares or
providing other forms of economic sustenance to needy families.
The American states can utilize federal TANF to attain the four objectives outlined in the
1996 law, including helping needy families ensure that children receive necessary care at home
or their relative’s home. Besides, states can minimize the reliance of impoverished parents
through employment promotions and preparations, prevention of young adult pregnancies, and
motivating the development and preservation of both parent households. Falk (2019) stated that
different measures establish eligibility for TANF financial help and several services. The federal
government allows states to develop eligibility measures and policies for several TANF
programs and services. An example of such actions includes limiting financial assistance to
impoverished families while also offering TANF-aided child care or transport help to employed
people, who at the same time receive higher incomes. Concerning cash assistance programs, the
federal law mandates every state to develop their policy choices concerning criteria like the level
of benefits, establishing monetary needs, work-related practices needed of applicants and
receivers, approvals o…